Charles Holmes, MD, MPH, is director, Georgetown Center for Innovation in Global Health, professor of medicine, distinguished scholar, O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University. He is former chief medical officer of the State Department's U.S. President's Plan for AIDS Relief and served as CEO, and is currently a Board Member of the largest health sector NGO in Zambia. He is a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and leads health systems innovation programs in multiple countries. Dr. Holmes served on the Biden-Harris Transition (Agency Review Team) for International Development. He has published in CFR's Think Global Health, Foreign Policy, Lancet, Health Affairs, The Hill, and the Bulletin of the World Health Organization.